Natural And Refined Sugars What Are The Differences?

Sep 17 2018

Sugar, in its many varied forms, is simply a carbohydrate that your body converts into glucose to use as energy. Naturally occurring sugars derived from sugar cane, beets, fruits, vegetables and honey come in the form of sucrose, dextrose, fructose and glucose. Lactose sugar is found in dairy products.  Natural sugars are simply sugars that are found naturally without processing!

Refined or milled sugars comes from sugar cane or sugar beet, which is still a naturally grown plant, but the sugars are extracted from the stalks of the sugar cane or the centre of the beets to form sucrose, which is a combination of dextrose, fructose and glucose.

Sugar cane is crushed at a sugar mill and the extracted juice is boiled, evaporated and spun under centrifuge to separate the crystal from the adhering film of molasses which is rich in colour, minerals and vitamins. This milled raw cane sugar is spun several times to extract more molasses creating lighter crystalline raw sugars. The lightest of these sugars is then exported to white sugar refineries to be melted and re-spun and filtered to produce white refined sugar.

Sugar beet is sliced and diffused, evaporated and spun under centrifuge to separate the crystal from the adhering film of molasses which is rich in colour, minerals and vitamins. The remaining crystal is pale in colour and filtered to produce white refined sugar. Both milled and refined sugars are 50% fructose and 50% glucose, also known as dextrose, and they are chemically the same.

Ragus produce a wide range of Pure Sugar products at its world-leading sugar manufacturing site in the UK, including sugars, refiner’s syrups, treacle and Molasses. Ragus’ manufacturing site produces hundreds of tonnes of sugars and syrups each day, all manufactured to the highest quality to ensure customers’ specifications are met.


These raw cane sugars, molasses and refined white sugars are used to create various types of sugar syrups that can be up to 40% sweeter than standard table sugar, enabling an actual reduction in the amount of table sugar needed to sweeten various types of products created by food, drink and pharmaceutical manufacturers. All these different types of sugars also perform additional functions naturally, such as colour & flavour development, bulking, texturising and humectant control, which extends the shelf life of many of our favourite products, all without the need of artificial additives.

Ragus are a leading supplier in the production of brown sugars, syrups and treacles for major food, drink and pharmaceutical companies.  Our customised sugar formulations are developed from ethically sourced raw materials and are expertly transformed into high quality functional ingredients used by major food and drink suppliers worldwide. Ragus provide our clients with pure sugars for taste, texture and appearance for their consumer products.



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UK Consumers Unfazed by Sugar Tax!

Sep 03 2018

In April 2018, the ‘Sugar Tax’ came into effect in the UK, in the hope of tackling childhood obesity.  Public Health England imposed the Soft Drinks Industry Levy, which added tax onto sugary drinks, thus hiking up prices for manufacturers and consumers.

Since, the ‘Sugar Tax’ has come into force, 50% of beverage manufacturers have actively been working to reduce the sugar content in their drink products. However, a recent report by global information and data measurement company Nielsen, reveals that the UK’s sugar tax is not as effective as the PHE would like to believe.

The findings show that 62% of UK shoppers admit that the ‘Sugar Tax’, since its implementation, has not changed their consumption behaviour.  Added to that, only one in five people check sugar content on packages more frequently than they did before April 2018.

The findings come as a result from a Nielsen survey comparing the behaviour of consumers and shoppers both pre, and prior, to the Soft Drinks Industry Levy coming into force.

Additional results show that 11% of shoppers, who initially planned to stop drinking sugary drinks prior to the tax, has now fallen, post-tax, to just 1%.  Equally the number of shoppers who admitted they would continue to purchase drinks containing sugar has also risen post-tax, increasing from 31% at the beginning of 2018, to 44% in June.

It isn’t just the drinks industry that is under constant scrutiny, last year manufacturers, retailers, cafes, restaurants, and pub chains were told to cut 5% of sugar by August 2017; this figure was to increase to 20% by 2020.  However, Public Health England has said that the food industry failed to hit the suggested targets of cutting sugar by 5%; supermarkets and food manufacturers have only managed to cut out 2% within 12 months.

Many food and drink manufacturers are trying to move in the right direction in working towards implementing these government targets, but reducing sugar in products is no easy task. Head of nutrition and product development at Leatherhead Food Research, Jenny Arthur, previously stated that, “reformulating products is a challenging task, as sugars are multifunctional ingredients delivering a variety of roles in different products.”

Ragus recognises the need for sugars in food and drink products and we specialise in supplying pure sugars as ingredients for many major food manufacturers; we also offer bespoke products to fulfil the individual needs of all our clients.

At Ragus we know there are so many reasons as to why sugars are needed in certain food and drink products. Not only is sugar important as it contributes to flavour when interacting with other ingredients, it also heightens flavour or depresses other overpowering flavours.

Pure sugar produced by Ragus. Ragus is one of the world's leading pure sugarmanufacturers. It sources raw sugar from across the world to manufacture sugars, syrups and special formulations from its advanced UK factory. Ragus ships its sugars globally, delivering on-time and in-full to customers across the brewing, baking, confectionary, and pharmaceutical industries

Sugar is used as a way of colouring products; for example, crust browning in bread. Sugar also acts as an important tenderising agent in baked good, plus sugars help to extend the shelf life of food products.

Thus, before food and drink manufacturers can reach the goals set out by the government, research and new technology, needs to be put into place so that the taste, texture and appearance of food and drink remains appealing to consumers.

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UK Bakery & Confectionery could be the next Sugar Tax Victims!

Sep 03 2018

In 2018 the food and drinks industry have taken a good bashing from the government, the media, celebrity chefs, Public Health England and various health campaigners in respect of the sugar content in products available on the market. The argument will be ongoing for years to come with health organisations now wanting to introduce an Energy Density Levy on confectionery and bakery products, but what does this mean for consumers and manufacturers if the government agrees?

Early this year, Action on Sugar and Action on Salt launched an evidence-based plan to help prevent obesity and other health problems, including type 2 diabetes, amongst children.

Sweets and chocolate confectionery provide 10% of the total sugar in diets of children under the age of 10 and 11% in teenagers. The findings of this plan suggested that an energy density levy of 20% should be introduced on confectionery and bakery goods with an energy density higher than 275kcal per 100g.

Pure sugar produced by Ragus. Ragus is one of the world's leading pure sugarmanufacturers. It sources raw sugar from across the world to manufacture sugars, syrups and special formulations from its advanced UK factory. Ragus ships its sugars globally, delivering on-time and in-full to customers across the brewing, baking, confectionary, and pharmaceutical industries


In the UK we already have the ‘Soft Drinks Industry Levy’ which was introduced in April 2018; a levy that has been met with mixed reactions. According to evidence presented by economists of the Institute for Fiscal Studies the levy will be most effective in younger people, but “those with high-sugar diets are relatively price inelastic and therefore fail to lower their sugar consumption in response to the tax.”

Manufacturers are under immense pressure to conform with these new enforcements, some have opted to introduce new brands containing no or minimal sugar, or to reduce portion sizes, while other companies have reformulated their existing beverages.

When it comes to confectionery and baking, the good news, for now, is that these industries have narrowly missed their own regulation, even though Public Health England have introduced voluntary sugar targets for confectionery and baking manufacturers of achieving a 20% reduction in sugars by 2020.  However, these targets are voluntary and not enforceable, so it’s up to the discretion of individual food and drink manufacturers if they decide to reduce sugars; even the UK Food & Drink Federation have said that the 20% reduction is unlikely to be met.

Research by Oxford and Cambridge Universities and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, revealed that by adding say 10% to the price of confectionary, cakes and biscuits could lead to a mere 7% drop in purchases.

Economic evidence shows that consumers and shoppers respond to these tax enforcements in a variety of ways.  Some people purchase cheaper supermarket own brands, others simply pay the higher prices and other people turn to different products which can equally be as energy-dense, but all in all research shows that consumers’ calorie consumption remains similar to what it was before the taxes were brought into effect.

Christopher Snowden, the Head of Lifestyle Economics at the Institute for Economic Affairs suggests that shoppers tend to be “quite unresponsive to price hikes and do not significantly change their habits.” The taxes on food and drink merely prompt criticism from the ordinary consumer and unfortunately, the only group really affected by the hike in prices are the poorest people in our society.

Other European countries have tried enforcing sugar taxes on food and drink products, but to little effect.  In 2011, the Danish government implemented a universal tax on fat, but the policy was abolished by 2013 as shoppers either absorbed the extra costs by making savings elsewhere in their lives, or they started doing their shopping internationally.

Here at Ragus we are continuously working with our clients to adapt to their manufacturing needs; creating bespoke pure sugar products where needed. We know that pure sugars are used within food and drink products, not just for their sweetening properties, but to also add taste, texture and appearance benefits, thus it takes time, technology and a lot of research before manufacturers can even begin to meet any of the targets set by the government and PHE.

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Can chocolate really taste the same with reduced sugar?

Aug 20 2018

In 2017, Public Health England (PHE) proposed that the food and drink industry reduce sugar levels in their products by 20% by 2020 in a bid to tackle the growing concerns of child obesity. Yet, more than a year on, food and drink manufacturers have failed to meet the sugar reduction targets, with only cereal, sweet spreads and yoghurt hitting the 5% suggested mark.

Some major confectionery manufacturers are working towards introducing products with reduced sugar content, but it’s not an easy process. There are many factors which have to be taken into consideration including the taste, texture and appearance that sugars provide to products, thus new scientific and technological processes need to be developed in order to reduce sugar levels.

Professor Francesco Rubino, chair of metabolic and bariatric surgery at King’s College London, has said in previous discussions regarding sugar reduction that “if you ask the food industry to change their products to reduce calories, you don’t know exactly how they will accomplish that.” Back in March 2018, Nestle announced the launch of their ‘Wowsomes’, a white chocolate bar with 30% less sugar than its usual Milkybar brand. Nestle’s team took just over a year to make the scientific and technological breakthrough of their new structured sugar which was achieved by spraying sugar, milk and water into warm air and drying the mixture.

But reducing sugar is not an easy task because sugar is responsible for much of the sweetness and texture in a chocolate bar, says Fatemeh Khadem, senior technical services manager, Cargill Cocoa & Chocolate. Added to this are the increased manufacturing costs when using any sweetener other than cane sugar. Studies are showing that manufacturers are starting to add a functional ingredient like fibre when reducing the sugar content of a chocolate product.

Using extra fibre is the case with Mondelez International as they have, this month, revealed details of their own Cadbury Dairy Milk bar with 30% less sugar, coming in 2019. Cadbury first announced their intention of creating a reduced sugar bar 11 years ago, so the whole process does take time, research, money and new technology before any PHE target can truly be put into practice.

Mondelez says their team successfully replaced the physical functionality of the sugar in solid chocolate in a way that preserves the structure of chocolate and also stays true to the unique texture and taste profile of Cadbury Dairy Milk.

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President of Mondelez International Northern Europe, Glenn Caton added that “there are two things consumers won’t compromise on: taste and value”, so their “iconic” bar will definitely not be phased out, but other reduced variants may be introduced if this trial proves successful. At the end of the day food and drink manufacturers need time to create new formulas and ingredient options, as Steve Brine, public health minister agrees that “we do not underestimate the scale of the challenge.”

Only time will tell if these reduced sugar versions of our much-loved classic confectionery will satisfy the consumers’ sweet tooth! Here at Ragus we supply many of the leading chocolate manufacturers with their pure sugars for taste, texture and appearance; including fine raw sugars which provide colour and flavouring as well as granulated sugars for bulking, sweetness and preserving properties.

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Aug 13 2018

While it may be the summer holidays and parents and children are enjoying the sunshine,
farmers, brewers and food and drink manufacturers are feeling a different kind of heat.
With the continuous heatwave bearing down on Europe during the past few months comes
concerns of rising cost pressures for numerous agricultural cereal growers. Lack of rains has
meant that the dry, hot weather conditions are destroying crops all over Europe, thus
driving prices through the roof as crops become limited.

There is a shortage of malting barley on the continent which has pushed prices up by two
thirds to a five year high. According to a report in The Financial Times, since May, the price
of the crop has risen to €230 per tonne. Plus, latest reports from Mintec reveal that winter
barley crop will drop in France, Poland and Germany; the latter of which could fall 18% year
on year. The UK won’t be hit as hard says the CEO of the British Beer and Pub Association
because we are ‘a net exporter of malting barley (thus) we enjoy a degree of self-

Wheat fields are being destroyed by the searing heat and dry conditions, thus prices are
rising with the worry of further damages to crops. In a recent interview, Andree Defois,
Strategie Grains head analyst said, “the situation is catastrophic in Northern Europe.”
Germany, France, Scandinavia and Sweden have all suffered; Sweden’s wheat crop has seen
a fall of 40% so far. British farmers are as yet to see the results, but fear that wheat crops
will fall to a five-year low.

Beet sugar being grown; Ragus supports all its farmers and producers with advice and support on how to optimise efficiencies, and promote the cause of sustainable sugar production


Sugar beet farmers in the UK are also battling these baking heat conditions; in East Anglia
the increasing temperatures are damaging both cereal, vegetable and sugar beet crops.
Farmers in the region are bracing themselves for marked drops in yields and Robin Limb, an
Agricultural consultant, has suggested in a recent interview with East Anglian Daily Times,
that yields could fall from a high of 80t/ha last year, to 60t/ha this year.

The UK has seen price increases in both fruit and vegetable too, as farmers struggle to grow
products with the increasing temperatures. Parts of England have seen no rainfall for almost
two months and many plants stop growing in temperatures that exceed 25C. The
Agricultural and Horticultural Development Board have announced that this is the driest run
up to harvest in 80 years.

The hot weather continues to bring misery to other farming industries too, the lack of rains
in the tea growing regions in Kenya are affecting the quality of the crops, which in turn is
sending the prices up. Alongside this the dry spell is hiking up rapeseed oil prices too!

Ragus continuously follow all the news and trends in the food and drink industry and we are
keen to share that news with our customers and website visitors; we are
always happy to answer any questions and are always open to any pure sugars as
ingredients enquiries; contact

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EU sugar beet production on a high!

Aug 06 2018

According to newly published research presented to the International Sugar Organisation (IOS), in the recent past, productivity gains spanning the cane sugar sector have been generally flat.

However, in the leading EU sugar producing countries, sugar output per hectare is higher on average, than the average of top cane sugar producers.

Also, since the millennium, EU sugar yields have grown significantly; 32% in Netherlands, 31% in UK, 28% in Denmark, 27% in Germany, 22% in Belgium and 9% in France.

On average, the EU beet sugar producers harvest 3 tonnes sugar/ha than the leading cane sugar producers.

The study by Gudoshnikov1 concluded that “since 2011/12, the average sugar yields in the beet sector have been consistently higher than those in the cane sector.”

More than 130 countries around the globe currently produce either sugar cane or sugar beet; within this figure, only 10 countries produce sugar from both beet and cane crops.

Beet sugar being grown; Ragus supports all its farmers and producers with advice and support on how to optimiseefficiencies, and promote the cause of sustainable sugar production


On average, 80% of global sugar production comes from sugar cane, leaving beet making up the other 20%.

Of the 10 countries which dual produce from both cane and beet, Brazil is the largest sugar producers, followed by India, EU, China, Thailand and USA.  Brazil alone accounts for almost 25% of the world’s sugar.

The largest sugar cane producer is Brazil, followed by India and Thailand.  The largest beet sugar producers are EU-28, followed by Russian Fed. & USA.

Mature beets contain 17% sugar by weight, whereas a ripened cane has around 15 to 20% sugar.

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